, 1030 , .

XIXVII .

1462 .

, (-, , ) XVIII - - .

. 1648 - , . 1704 . 1772 . ϳ - 1918 , 1919 . 1939 쳺, ͳ . 1944 . 1951 - , , .

.

' 343

GPS  GPS . GPS " ", "GisRX", "", "TourMap", "CityTour", "", "Garmin", "ó".

' 38,7